Could I be at risk for PAD?

Baird PAD risk

Vascular diseases range from diseases of the arteries, veins and lymph vessels to blood disorders that affect circulation. Among the most common types of vascular disease are peripheral vascular disease (PVD), peripheral artery disease (PAD) and coronary artery disease. The terms peripheral vascular disease and peripheral artery disease are often used interchangeably, but we discuss both here. Many of the problems we diagnose and treat involve peripheral vascular disease in one degree or another.

The most common type of peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is peripheral artery disease (PAD). Like the blood vessels of the heart (coronary arteries), your peripheral arteries (blood vessels outside the heart) also may develop atherosclerosis. Over time, the plaque buildup narrows the artery, causing increased pressure in the blood vessel. Eventually, the inside of the artery narrows so much that it restricts blood flow and less oxygen is delivered to the tissues, causing a condition called ischemia, an inadequate supply of blood that causes tissue damage.

If a fragment of this plaque from any part of the body breaks loose and clogs one of the arteries supplying the heart itself, the result is a heart attack. If a fragment breaks and blocks an artery going to the brain, a stroke will result. Narrowing of the arteries that supply the kidneys with blood can cause high blood pressure and kidney failure. Any tissue that does not have an adequate supply of blood and oxygen will, over time, become permanently damaged and die. That it is critical to diagnose and treat peripheral vascular diseases before it becomes a more serious problem.

In the early stages of PAD, symptoms include cramping and pain in the legs and buttocks, indicating poor circulation in the legs. Other common symptoms include fatigue, heaviness and discomfort during exercise or activity. These symptoms generally go away when the activity stops or you are resting. This is called “intermittent claudication.”

PAD affects about 8 million Americans. Atherosclerosis can start as early as the age of 20, and becomes more common as one gets older. By age 65, about 12 to 20 percent of the population has some degree of vascular disease. The exact cause is unknown, but several risk factors are known to accelerate the formation of fatty deposits, or plaque, in the arteries:

  • Smoking
  • Family history of vascular disease, angina, heart attacks or stroke
  • Being overweight
  • An unhealthy diet
  • Lack of exercise
  • Diabetes
  • Being male
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Stress

Early diagnosis is critical, as people with PAD have a four to five times higher risk of having a heart attack or stroke. Unfortunately, PAD often goes undiagnosed as symptoms are often mistaken for something else.

If you want to learn more about peripheral vascular disease (PVD) and treatment options, wish to discuss symptoms or problems you may be experiencing or if your doctor has recommended that you see us for a vascular test, please contact us at (804) 828-2600 or email us.

Image Guided Tendon Treatment for Tennis Elbow

Baird tennis elbow

“Excruciating.” That’s the word every active person uses to tell us about the pain of “runner’s heel” (plantar fasciitis), “tennis elbow” and other tendon injuries. That little twinge you felt on your daily jog or practicing your forehand has now become a knife-sharp sting in the exact same spot with every step or every swing you take, every day. It’s impossible to ignore the pain…and you shouldn’t. Tendon injuries need attention. Sometimes, rest, therapy and a change in activities may ease the pain…but often the damage is permanent, and only gets worse.

Until now. Using precision ultrasound imaging guidance and a minimally invasive treatment, we can delicately remove the damaged tendon tissue and get you back to the activities you love in a matter of weeks – with little to no pain.

We’ve talked several times about image guided tendon treatment for plantar fasciitis, but what about tennis elbow? We spoke with Dr. Jeffrey Elbich about the difference in the procedure.

Q. Tell us about the difference in the image guided tendon treatment procedure on the elbow vs. on the heel?

A. The procedure is quite similar; patient positioning is essentially upright in a chair as opposed to lying down. It seems to be a less sensitive area compared with plantar work, but I still give IV medicine (moderate sedation) to maximize comfort. The  procedure time a slight bit quicker because it’s usually smaller treatment zone.

Q. How big is the incision and where is it?

A. The incision is approximately 2-3mm over the lateral (outside) elbow.

Q. What’s the recovery time?

A. For the outpatient procedure, there will be some post-procedural discomfort and swelling expected for a few days, you’ll have some lifting restrictions for about 2 weeks. A patient can expect pain relief an average of 1-2 months after the procedure.

Q. What has the patient reaction been afterward?

A. We’ve had good results with the elbow treatment ~90% success.

Q. What does your ideal patient for this type of treatment look like?

 A. Any individual that has had pain localized to specific location on elbow (lateral epicondyle), going on for more than four months, despite conservative measures and at home remedies. An office visit will confirm the pain location, as well as ultrasound to see if there is targetable tissue.

The treatment requires only a local anesthetic and a tiny incision, and is virtually pain-free. We use a targeted application of ultrasound energy to break down the damaged tendon tissue while leaving surrounding healthy tissue untouched.

Is image-guided treatment right for me?

If you answer yes to these questions, it may be time to discuss our image-guided tendon treatment.

  • Have you given up any activities due to tendon pain?
  • Have you been suffering for three months or longer?
  • Have you taken multiple steps to get rid of your pain without lasting success?
  • Are you tired of masking the pain or enduring it rather than treating it at the source?

Call us at (804) 828-2600 to discuss whether image-guided treatment is the right option for you.

What is reflux in the veins?

baird reflux

Most people associate varicose veins with prominent, swollen, twisted, and ropelike veins wrapping their legs, often dark blue in color – and often quite painful. These are symptomatic varicose veins. They develop over time, with factors such as age, family history, pregnancy, weight gain, and prolonged standing all possible contributing factors. They’re caused by weakened valves in the leg veins that flow blood back to your heart. When the valves weaken, blood pools and builds pressure in the leg veins, causing them to swell, expand and twist as the walls of the veins are weakened – and the weakened valves and veins are prone to clots or hemorrhaging, which is why treatment is so important.

We talked to Dr. Malcom Sydnor about varicose veins, and what the term “reflux” means. “When people have varicose that are large or substantial that is almost always a result of reflux,” said Dr. Sydnor. “What reflux means is that all the blood your body should flow in your lower extremities from your feet, back to your heart and lungs were it picks up oxygen and gets redistributed back through your body.”

“But sometimes the saphenous veins in the legs, which have valves in them to keep the blood flowing north,” he continued, “have valves that become leaky and have problems and then the blood starts falling south instead of moving north.”

“When that happens it’s like an upside down tree – it kind of blows out all the rest of the veins that are supposed to be feeding into it, and that’s actually what you see on the surface with spider veins, reticular veins, and varicose veins.” Dr. Syndor continued, “So, reflux in the legs is when the blood flows south instead of flowing north north the way supposed to be. When that happens, the blood becomes engorged when it sits down in your legs. You can get ankle swelling, you can get pigmentation changes, all because you have a bunch of deoxygenated blood that sitting down there and it’s not getting the chance to get back to your heart and lungs to pick up oxygen the way it should be.”

To treat more serious varicose vein problems, we offer several effective and minimally invasive solutions. After diagnosis, we will discuss your options so you can choose the treatment that best suits your needs. Although effective, no varicose vein treatment, whether surgical or minimally – invasive, can prevent new varicose veins from developing in the future. Most health insurance plans cover treatment of significant symptomatic varicose veins, but some consider treatment of spider veins as cosmetic surgery.

Call us at (804) 828-2600 to discuss your options. You may decide that beautiful legs and pain free legs are worth it.

Who’s at risk for varicose veins?

Baird whos at risk for varicose

Varicose veins are enlarged veins in the legs near the surface of the skin, ranging from tiny to large. Spider veins are small, surface veins, which, while embarrassing, are relatively minor.

Varicose veins are easy to see, especially when you stand up. If you have signs of a deep vein problem like DVT or plan to have treatment for spider veins or symptomatic varicose veins, you may need more tests, such as a vascular ultrasound exam.

We talked to Dr. Brian Strife about who may be at risk for varicose veins. “Varicose and spider veins may have a familial component or an inherited component,” said Dr. Strife. “We often take a family history when interviewing new patient to see if other members of their family suffer from abnormal or painful leg veins.”

Particular situations may also contribute to varicose vein risk. Dr. Strife continued, “Women who are postpartum may have an increased appearance of abnormal veins in the legs, as well as people who have an occupation that requires prolonged standing may be at risk of developing abnormal leg veins.”

Advanced age and obesity can also contribute to an increased risk for varicose veins. Varicose veins may also be a sign of a blockage in deeper veins called deep vein thrombosis (DVT), a serious, sometimes deadly condition in which blood clots forming in your leg veins can break loose and move to your lungs, blocking blood flow (pulmonary embolism). It is always a good idea to talk to your physician if varicose veins appear.

The good news is that most insurers typically cover treatment of the more serious, symptomatic varicose veins. If your diagnosis indicates that you need a specific treatment, our staff will submit all relevant information to your insurance company for pre-authorization, or provide you with the approximate cost of treatment.

Call us at (804) 828-2600 to discuss your options.

How we can help with your overall health

Baird overall health

There are 60,000 miles of blood vessels in the body.
Pointing us toward a lot of answers.

VCU Health at Baird Vascular Institute is a multi-disciplinary collaboration of interventional radiologists and vascular surgeons. By working in tandem, we can use the most advanced imaging technology to give us the fastest, clearest picture of a patient’s peripheral circulatory system and vascular problems and diseases, pointing us precisely to the right diagnosis and treatment plan and procedures.

Because of our advanced diagnostic imaging capabilities and convenient location, many physicians refer patients to see us for outpatient evaluations and preparation for various surgical procedures that must be conducted in the hospital, as well as for follow-up examinations. Seeing us as an outpatient saves you many trips to the hospital – and leads to a shorter hospital stay.

Whether you’re referred to us by your doctor or want to talk with us directly about your concerns and needs, our physicians are always available for consultation appointments to listen, learn and talk about your condition and what we can do to help. Open and clear communication with your doctor and you is a crucial aspect of providing proper treatment and care. We work as a team.

Before your appointment, take a few steps in advance to make sure we have the best background information. During your consultation, we’ll talk through your concerns, review your medical history and make an assessment of your current situation. Once we make our diagnosis, we discuss different options to develop a treatment plan tailored to your individual needs. We make sure you understand every aspect of your care.

Our capabilities also allow us to handle the primary treatment of a number of other conditions that once often required prolonged hospitalizations. Today, our image-guided expertise makes possible primarily outpatient care of these conditions. Depending on the condition, certain procedures are handled at the hospital; in other cases, however, these conditions can now be handled completely on an outpatient basis – without a single hospital visit.

Making an appointment at the VCU Health at Baird Vascular Institute is quick and easy. We try to accommodate patients and referring physicians as efficiently as possible.

To schedule an appointment call (804) 828-2600 to speak to one of our scheduling associates, or send us an email.

What’s the difference between Varicose Veins and Spider Veins?

shutterstock_108879881

Unsightly leg veins, ranging from the blue splotches of spider veins to the thick, ropey and twisted dark varicose veins that can make standing and walking painful, have much in common. They’re unsightly. They can be painful. If left untreated, they can progress to serious health problems. They’re very common: 20 percent of all adults, and 50 percent of adults over 50, experience varicose veins, predominantly women.

And, most important, varicose veins are treatable–with new, non-invasive procedures that are quick, virtually painless, and require little or no recovery time. Our vascular specialists are experts in evaluating and treating varicose veins, from unsightly spider veins using new, gentle and highly effective treatments to the relief of more serious, painful and even dangerous major varicose veins.

For a quick guide to the difference, watch Dr. Strife’s video.

What are varicose veins?

Varicose veins are enlarged veins in the legs near the surface of the skin, ranging from tiny to large. Spider veins are small, surface veins, which, while embarrassing, are relatively minor. Learn more about our advanced treatments for spider veins.

Most people associate varicose veins with prominent, swollen, twisted, and ropelike veins wrapping their legs, often dark blue in color – and often quite painful. These are symptomatic varicose veins. They develop over time, with factors such as age, family history, pregnancy, weight gain, and prolonged standing all possible contributing factors. They’re caused by weakened valves in the leg veins that flow blood back to your heart. When the valves weaken, blood pools and builds pressure in the leg veins, causing them to swell, expand and twist as the walls of the veins are weakened – and the weakened valves and veins are prone to clots or hemorrhaging, which is why treatment is so important.

What are spider veins?

Spider veins are similar to varicose veins, but are milder, involving the smaller veins just below the skin surface. Spider veins are more common among women of any age, and frequently appear during/after pregnancy or when gaining weight. The extra burden weakens the valves in the veins carrying blood back to the heart, so the blood pools and the veins swell. When only small, surface veins are affected, the result is spider veins, which can range from little patches to very large areas. They generally do not bulge or cause pain.

To treat more serious varicose vein problems, we offer several effective and minimally invasive solutions. After diagnosis, we will discuss your options so you can choose the treatment that best suits your needs. Although effective, no varicose vein treatment, whether surgical or minimally – invasive, can prevent new varicose veins from developing in the future. Most health insurance plans cover treatment of significant symptomatic varicose veins, but some consider treatment of spider veins as cosmetic surgery. Call us at (804) 828-2600 to discuss your options.

 

 

Cancer Fighting Winter Vegetables

Baird Winter Vegetables

Eating seasonal produce is easy in the spring and summer, but seems challenging once cold weather sets in. Maintaining a diet full of fresh fruits and vegetables may seem difficult this time of year. When you think of winter – fresh produce does not come to mind. It’s important to eat a variety of fruits and vegetables, and there are many that are great sources of antioxidants or other cancer fighting nutrients that help keep cancer cells from growing. The good news is, even in winter, you’re not stuck with only potatoes as fresh options. With some planning and creativity, you can discover many fresh food options with great taste and healthful nutrients for the entire winter season.

Carrots

Carrots are popular root vegetables that are usually harvested in the summer, but reach peak flavor and sweetness in the fall and winter. Carrots are also full of nutrients and an excellent source of beta-carotene. The body converts beta-carotene into vitamin A, and vitamin A helps maintain eye health, and also supports a health immune system. They’re also brightly colored vegetables full of carotenoid antioxidants that help protect against certain diseases and cancers.

Kale

Kale – it’s not just for hipsters, it’s a cruciferous vegetable and is a super nutritious dark, leafy green. It is packed full of vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants. Dark leafy greens are also a great source of carotenoids, and according to the American Institute for Cancer Research, research shows that the carotenoids in kale may help prevent cancer cells in breast, skin, lung, and stomach cancers from growing.

Winter Squash

Butternut and acorn squash and even pumpkins, are full of carotenoids that benefit eye health, and pumpkins is also full of antioxidants. There are tons of ways to incorporate winter squash into your diet – roasted, in salads, or even pumpkin pie.

Brussels Sprouts

Like kale, Brussels sprouts are a member of the cruciferous vegetable family and chock full nutrients including vitamins K, A, B and C and manganese and potassium. Plus – they’re high in fiber, too. Fiber slows down the digestive process in the body, resulting in a slower release of glucose into the bloodstream and fewer blood sugar spikes.

Apples

An apple a day may indeed keep the doctor away. The nutrients and antioxidants in apples may help prevent the growth of cancer cells, plus – they taste amazing!

Beets

Beets contain antioxidants and other nutrients that help fight cancer and other diseases. They’re full of vitamins A, B, C as well as potassium and folate.

Turnips and Rutabagas

Who remembers their grandmother cooking turnips? Grandma was smart – they are part of the cruciferous vegetable family and are full of cancer-fighting glucosinolates, vitamins B, C and K, folate, potassium, fiber, and calcium. They might look like a little bit like potatoes, but they’re actually related to cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower. They are also are a good source of magnesium, phosphorus and manganese.

Swiss Chard

Like its dark, leafy green cousin kale, Swiss chard is low in calories yet full with vitamins and minerals. It also contains antioxidants that may help reduce the risk of many diseases.

Sweet Potatoes

A staple at the holiday table, sweet potatoes are loaded with fiber, beta-carotene, vitamins A and C, and antioxidants. Sweet potatoes can be roasted, mashed, added to salads, baked – they are the ultimate versatile super food.

Adding any fresh to your diet will go a long way toward promoting your health. These cold weather vegetables help to round out your diet with nutritious produce all winter long.